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Category: Health

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Albinos are becoming more vulnerable worldwide

Albinos are becoming more vulnerable worldwide

As the world celebrates the International Albinism Awareness day today, there is a need for sober reflection. There has been a systematic marginalization, suppression, victimization, and undue alienation of Albinos worldwide. They have been made to pay for what they aren’t responsible for. These are amazing humans whose beautiful lives have been disrupted by those with a warped mindset and negative age-long beliefs

What is Albinism?

This is a relatively rare, non-contagious condition that results in the body been unable to produce melanin. Melanin is the pigment that colors the skin, eyes, and hair. Both parents must carry the gene for an individual to have Albinism. The genetic condition is also referred to as hypo-pigmentation, and it’s known to affect all vertebrates including humans.

Geographical spread

Albinos are found in virtually all parts of the world. The actual number of Albinos worldwide cannot be accurately estimated as there is an absence of an active database to capture their figures. A rough estimate shows that 1 in 20,000 people worldwide are Albinos. An interesting fact worth mentioning is that the little island nation of Fiji has the highest number of Albinos worldwide. 1 in 17,000 Fijians lives with the genetic defect.

Challenges facing Albinos

Stigmatization

Most Albinos are regarded as been abnormal and evil, especially in certain parts of the world. They usually don’t have friends, as people often don’t like to mingle with them. There is that general belief, especially in Africa that Albinos are not good people. The stigma associated with this genetic disorder doesn’t allow Albinos to get involved in social activities. Those who are involved in trading often struggle, because people don’t want to patronize them. This has seriously affected their social and economic status.

Harsh climatic conditions

Albinos living in Africa, where the weather conditions are hot and humid, are prone to skin cancer. This is due to the effect of Ultraviolet rays from the sun on their skin layers. The absence of melanin in their skin, hair, and eye means they are susceptible to the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation and are at greatest risk of getting infected with skin cancer. They are usually advised to wear suitable clothing and put on sunglasses to protect their eyes.

Danger of death

In some countries in Africa like South Africa, Mozambique, Malawi, and Tanzania, Albinos are hunted like rhinos or elephants for their body parts. They live in constant fear for their lives. In 2018 for example, more than 400 cases of Albino’s murder in over 26 countries in Africa were reported. Unfortunately, culprits are never brought to face the crime they’ve committed.

In a special report released in 2014, Amnesty International confirmed that at least 20 Malawians with Albinism have been killed for their body parts. Children living with Albinism are more vulnerable as they struggle with their academic work due to eye defects. They also struggle to cope with constant bullying from other children.

Salif Keita, a World-renowned musician, shared his thoughts on some of the challenges facing Albinos: “Being born albino in Africa is a true tragedy. Why? Because people with Albinism are isolated, persecuted, and sometimes murdered because of occult beliefs regarding the origin of their white skin color”.

Salif Keita presently runs a foundation supporting people living with Albinism.  The Salif Keita Global Foundation Inc (SKGF) 

















immune boosting fruits

Fighting Coronavirus with immunity-boosting fruits

The Coronavirus pandemic has taken a huge toll on the global population. An estimated 300,000 deaths have been recorded so far worldwide, and some new cases are still been recorded in several countries across the globe.

One of the ways to combat the virus as suggested by medical experts is to build up the body’s immune system. This can be done by the consumption of fruits that are natural immune boosters.

What specific vitamins can help the body immune system? 

4 major vitamins can help boost the body’s immune system. They are Vitamins A, C, D, and E. These vitamins have different roles they play within the human body.

Vitamin A, for example, helps the body’s natural defenses against illness and infections. Some common fruits that contain Vitamins A include Papaya, Spinach, Carrots, Mango, and apricots.

Vitamin C, on the other hand, helps to protect the body cells and keeps them healthy. They also help with wounds, healing, and maintaining the body’s blood vessels. Fruits like Pineapples, papaya, tomatoes, apples, grapefruits, broccoli, orange, and watermelon all contain a huge amount of Vitamin C.

Another popular Vitamin that helps build the body’s immune system is Vitamin D. A natural source of Vitamin D is sunlight. Fortunately, there is abundant sunlight in most countries during this summer period. Unfortunately, the lockdown been caused by the Coronavirus pandemic has forced people indoors. There is, therefore, a need to get fruits that contain this Vitamin. Vitamin D helps to regulate the amount of Calcium and phosphate which are needed by the body in keeping a healthy bone, teeth, and muscle.

There is even a special recommendation to take at least 10mcg of Vitamin D daily, as one may not be getting sufficient Vitamin D from sunlight during this lockdown period. Natural juice extracts from orange and Mushrooms are veritable sources of Vitamin D.

The last in the list of Vitamins is Vitamin E, which is a powerful antioxidant that helps fight off infections in the human body. It aids the proper functioning of the body’s organ by ensuring that body cells are protected from damage. Avocado, mango, blackberries, almonds, and dried cranberries are some of the fruits that contain Vitamin E.

As the Coronavirus pandemic ravages countries across the globe, the right diets must be strictly adhered to, to protect the body from possible infection. Most of these fruits mentioned above are available in major supermarkets and local shops. They are not expensive and can be easily preserved.

 

 

COVID-19

Everything you need to know about Coronavirus

Coronavirus (COVID-19) has become the number one subject in print, electronics, and social media in the past few months. It is been classified as a pandemic by the World Health Organisation (WHO), due to its global impact and the devastating effect it has had on the entire world. As of today, the 10th of May 2020, the total number of deaths globally, has risen to 279,000, while the number of confirmed cases stood at 4.02Million. A total of 1.38 Million people have gladly recovered from the virus.

What is Coronavirus?

It is a novel virus that is infectious. One significant fact about the virus is that it affects the respiratory system, which includes your lungs and airway, making it difficult for those infected to breathe properly. Patients infected with the virus are usually aided with ventilators. Some symptoms of the virus include high temperature and dry and persistent coughing. Scientist says the virus can incubate in the human body for up to 2 weeks.

Origin of Coronavirus

It all started November last year, in the famous Wuhan seafood market, in China. It is believed to have come from bats that were sold in the market. Unfortunately, it took a while before the World Health Organisation (WHO) announced the first case of the virus in China. That announcement came on the 31st of December 2019. The seafood market in Wuhan was thereafter closed, but the damage had already been done as the virus had spread to other countries.

Issues became a bit hostile when the American president during one of his briefings in March called Coronavirus the Chinese virus. He claimed China knew about it before it escalated and that they should have reacted faster to stop its spread.

Any hope of getting a vaccine soon?

The race to get a vaccine is still on in different parts of the world. The truth, however, according to medical experts is that it will take approximately 10-15 years to normally produce a vaccine. However, this process can be fast-tracked to between 3 to 6 months at most.

What is the process involved in producing a vaccine

  • Basic understanding of the virus
  • Vaccine candidates
  • Pre-clinical testing to be carried out on animals
  • Clinical trials to be carried out on humans
  • Regulatory approvals
  • Production

it is undoubtedly a meticulous process, but as the world awaits some good news about the production of a vaccine to combat this dreaded virus, the lockdown has been put in place in virtually all countries affected by this pandemic. The situation has grounded all sporting and social activities and only essential workers are been allowed to go to work.

Some safety tips

  • Stay at home and only travel when it is very essential
  • Maintain social distancing of 2 meters apart when you go out for shopping or while with others.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds regularly or use hand sanitizer
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you sneeze or cough
  • Wash your hands before and after touching food items at home

For now, the Coronavirus figures have seemingly peaked in most countries and there are plans to relax the lockdown in France, Italy, and even the UK in the coming days. Hopefully, the worse of the pandemic has passed, and things will start picking up in most countries where there has been complete chaos as a result of the novel virus.

regular water intake

Regular water intake has amazing health benefits

Regular water intake has often been associated with sound health and vitality. Water is generally regarded as the most common gift on earth. There is a popular axiom: ‘He who gives water gives life’. That may be true to an extent, as the average human can survive with only water. Interestingly, the human adult body is made up of 60% of water. Depending on gender and physical fitness level however, this composition may vary.

The average adult woman, for example, has less water composition in her body (55%), because women generally have more fatty tissue in their system when compared to their male counterpart. Generally speaking, the human body requires about 2.5 Litres of water daily to keep it healthy. This daily consumption may also vary from gender to gender and also depends on other factors like the BMI (Body Mass Index) of the individual.

Talking about the importance of water concerning our health can never be overemphasized, as it has numerous health benefits. Fortunately, water is found in abundance almost everywhere and it is so cheap. Let us now look at some health benefits associated with drinking water:

It acts as a body regulator

Six important nutrients that keep the human body healthy- Carbohydrate, Protein, fat, mineral, and vitamin. Water is the ultimate nutrient that not only regulates our body system but also keeps it healthy. When the human body gets warm due to external temperature, there is a secretion of sweats via the skin. The sweat contains waste products from the body which is usually eliminated whenever we sweat. Regular water intake will replace body fluid loss via sweating and regulates the body internal temperature by responding to its external temperature.

Water aids the digestion process

It is usually recommended to drink water before or after meals to aid the digestion process. What water does is that it breaks down the food we consume, so that the body can easily absorb the nutrients. Insufficient water intake after meals can result in the stool that is not soft. Some cases of indigestion have been linked to insufficient intake of water as well. Water not only aids the digestion process, but it also creates a lubricant whenever food is been consume.

The kidney needs enough water

The human kidney is one of the most vital organs you can ever think of. Its role is to act as a form of a filtration system. It filters waste from the body and ensures that these wastes are eliminated via urines. To make it function optimally, it must be supplied with sufficient water. When the kidney is starved of water, it gradually shuts down and can lead to kidney failure.

Athletes require lots of water

During intense physical exercises, the human metabolic system burns lots of calories, and sweats are produced. Thus, a replacement of fluid is essential. That is the main reason you find athletes becoming thirsty after so much exertion and running around. They consume lots of water to replenish the lost fluid from their system. Athletes require focus and peak body performance, and regular water intake helps their brain and body tissue to function properly.

Water helps those trying to lose weight

One of the secrets to weight loss has been traced to the use of water therapy. What it implies is the constant intake of water and regular exercise. What water does in the body system, is that it increases your metabolism. It also eliminates waste and suppresses the urge to crave for food, because your body appears filled up. So for those who are planning to lose weight, all they need to do is apply the water therapy method while also implementing some form of exercise. Remember, drinking sufficient water helps your body avoid retaining water, thereby helping to burn off that extra weight (60% of the human body is made up of water)

Regular water intake helps your skin to glow

When you take in sufficient water, there is increase metabolic activities and the body organs functions properly. One of such organs is the skin that eliminates waste from the body via sweating. When the toxins are eliminated from your system, the resultant effect is a glowing and beautiful skin. When you take in enough water daily, there is increased blood flow via the capillaries of the skin, which also means your skin is getting the required amount of water for hydration.

Promotes cardiovascular health

Cardiovascular has to do with the heart and blood vessels within the human body system. When we consume the right quantity of water daily, we are directly helping the cardiovascular system to function properly. The human heart is always at work daily, pumping blood to all parts of the body. When we drink sufficient water, it helps to keep the heart healthy and strong. It is like putting in fresh engine oil in your car. The fresher the lubricant in your car, the better your engine performs.

First aid box in workplace

First aid box in the Workplace is a must

First aid boxes now dorn most offices due to their importance. The usual practice is the treatment via the use of First aid kits. The next step is to take the injured person to the hospital for further treatment.

The word does not connote injury only but includes all types of medical conditions that require urgent attention. First aid box normally placed in a strategic place in the office or workplace. All First aid boxes usually carry the visible sign of the cross painted in red.

The modern workplace has developed over the years with the advances in technologies. The advances in the use of modern machines, electrical appliances, and dangerous chemicals have also created changes. These have greatly increased the risk of accidents in the workplace.

A First aid box normally comes with some basic items which are essential for the treatment of a major or minor wound. It also contains few drugs for the treatment of common ailments like catarrh, cold, cough, headache and pain. It is vital to have Plasters, Cotton wool, Gauze, Bandages, Hand Gloves, Scissors and Razor Blade are found in a First aid box. Notable items like Iodine, Spirit, Chloroquine, Paracetamol, and Dettol, are equally included. All First Aid boxes cannot have the same content, but the idea is to ensure that the basic items are included.

Benefits of First Aid treatment

The absence of a First aid box in a workplace can be costly in the event of an accident. The following are some of the benefits:

  • Preventing the escalation of injuries
  • To prevent airway obstruction, by good positioning and cleaning of blood and body fluid
  • Preservation of life through the stopping of bleeding
  • To aid the recovery process

Health training that emphasis the various methods used in resuscitating victims of an accident are very vital . The major emphasis should be to provide an open airway and allow for adequate breathing by the use of mouth to mouth respiration for approximately 10 to 16 times per minute. If the victim is not responding, oxygen can be made available. The idea is to ensure sufficient blood circulation by stopping excessive bleeding via the use of hand pressure on the bleeding point.

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